Asthma is a long-time disease of the lungs. It causes your airways to get inflamed and narrow, and it makes it hard to breathe. Severe asthma symptoms can cause trouble talking or being active. You might hear your doctor call it a chronic respiratory disease. Some people refer to asthma as “bronchial asthma.
Asthma is a serious disease that affects about 25 million Americans and causes nearly 2 million emergency room visits every year 01.
Table of Contents
1. Asthma Symptoms
Asthma is not a curable disease; it can only be treated by a number of medications prescribed by your doctor. It is most common in children. It can kill you if left untreated or if the attack gets too severe. It is a disease that affects your lungs and airway passage. It inflames the walls around your airway and creates thick mucus that makes your breathing worsen. When in an attack your body’s organs are striving to breathe.
Your lungs are fighting for air and you are fighting to gain control. There are many symptoms to look and watch for. Many who live with this tend to lead active lifestyles thanks to the medications they use.
1.1. Is Asthma a Fatal Disease?
Asthma is one of the most fatal diseases out there. It is brought on by a number of combined factors that trigger this disease. In order to make sure you do have the disease, a series of tests have to be performed by your doctor to give you the proper diagnosis. Studies showed it affects at least five people in every hundred. Even though it is a common disease to have doctors still don’t know what brings on the disease as you can get at any time or stage in your life.
There many things you can do if you have asthma symptoms. Be aware of what your symptoms are. Know what to do if an attack hits. Make sure you take your medication as prescribe. Also, make sure you do have somewhat knowledgeable about what you have and also talk to your doctor about any concerns you might have.
Always have a prevention plan on avoiding having attacks. Make sure your family and friends know what to do in case of an emergency when you are in an attack. Being in the know about this disease can better help you in leading the life you want.
2. Allergy Asthma
Allergens are one of the causes of asthma attacks. Having allergy/asthma attacks can be prevented if you know what to do. Most households carry many allergens that can bring on asthma attacks.
The environment you live in caters to all allergens that affect your breathing airways. From dust, mites, pollens, smoke, pets, and anything else that can affect your allergies.
2.1. How to Prevent Allergy Asthma?
Knowing how to prevent these causes, can help you live in a better environment and have fewer asthma attacks. Allergens are commonly known to live indoors.
Having your home clean and tidy can prevent those allergens from living long in your house. But also be aware of what type of household products you use as they too can cause allergic reactions.
The most common places for allergens to thrive in are your rugs, carpets, curtains, lampshades, stuffed animals, fans, cracks and cranny’s and so on.
Basically, anything that can be reached by an allergen can be a nesting ground for allergy asthma. Making sure that keeping dust at bay is a must when you have asthma that is related to allergens.
Wear a mask over your mouth and nose to prevent yourself from inhaling any dust. Use products that will optimize and dissolute any allergens. Keep clothes handy to do a light dusting of any kind. Vacuum thoroughly to prevent dust mites, gnats, and any type of bug that thrive in your carpets or rugs. Make sure you can wash or pat down any curtains or lampshades. Having your home allergen free or close to it can help prevent asthma attacks from happening.
Research is imperative to help prevent allergy asthma causing bacteria in your home. Searching on the web for informative articles can help you and talk to your doctor about what to do to keep your home allergen safe. Knowing these things can help you breathe better in your own environment.
3. Asthma and Smoking
Asthma is a lung disease that is not only traumatic but can lead to other respiratory diseases. If you have asthma, smoking is deadly. Tobacco smoke irritates your lung and air passages permanently damaging the fine, delicate bronchial tubes. Smoking increases your chances of a frequent asthma attacks. Asthma and smoking do not go together.
Even if you do not smoke but are a victim of passive smoking, it can act as a trigger to the onset an asthma attack for you. Let your friends and family know about your medical condition such that you are not exposed to passive smoking when they are around.
For asthmatic children who are exposed to smoke can increase their chances of continuing medication and maybe continue having asthma symptoms even when they grow up.
3.1. Is smoking a risk factor for asthma?
Tobacco smoke triggers asthma attacks a maximum number of times. Asthma and smoking are natural enemies so it is best to avoid situations where there is any need to be exposed to smoke.
Mothers who smoke during pregnancy increase the chances of babies born with infant asthma. Tobacco smoke leads to decreased lung function increase in the medication due to smoke exposure either active or passive. A weak immune system is susceptible to in numerous infections and more absence from normal activities.
Even people who smoke and are not asthmatic have greater chances of acquiring this disease if they smoke or are exposed to smoking at work or home. It is similar for kids whose parents smoke at home.
You need to care about your own health yourself and exposure to smoke can trigger an attack. So, the best preventive measure that can save you hours of pain and discomfort is to give up smoking or remain away from passive smoke. With a healthy lifestyle not only can you help yourself but your family too, who sees you happy and healthy.
4. Asthma Attack
Being an asthma attack can be quite a frightening ordeal. Most do or don’t know what to do. Those who are in an asthma attack are usually hopeless as they are struggling to regain their breath or trying to breathe at a normal rate. It is helpful to know what to do during one of these attacks or to know what the signs are when an attack hits. Being informative of the symptoms can help in saving the life of another person or your own.
4.1. How do you recognize an asthma attack?
Recognizing an asthma attack is the first step to helping a person or yourself when an attack hits. Some of the symptoms you should be aware of are difficulty in breathing, severe wheezing when breathing in and out, rapid breathing, chest pressure or pain, difficulty talking or responding, paleness or and having a sweaty face, shortness of breath, coughing uncontrollably, and when your medications just won’t work.
Paying attention to these signs is a sure way of knowing when an attack is coming or when an attack has started. In most cases having a head on your shoulder and following a plan of what to do when you’re having an attack should help you in not making the situation worse. Also having others be aware of what to do when you are an attack will also help.
If you know you are having asthma symptoms attack the best thing to do is stay as calm as you can. Take your medication most commonly an inhaler. Make sure your clothes are loosed up and not constricting you, which can make you feel constricted. Do not lie down during an attack but be sitting up.
If the inhaler is not working the next step is to call the emergency number of your location. Or if someone is with you have them do it and also have them contact your doctor. Knowing what to do in situations like these can have a positive outcome. And also better prepare you in case you end up having another attack.
4.2. Asthma Attack Treatment
Any asthma attack treatment is basically aimed at avoiding the trigger for asthma. These triggers may happen to be known allergens, irritants of the respiratory system, medication for airway inflammation. Long-term medication is necessary for preventing it.
For serious asthma attack treatment, hospitalization is the best method. The serious cases need immediate intravenous injections of Corticosteroids to help open the constricted airways. Asthmas are triggered by specific allergens thus avoiding them might be a way to prevent an attack. Some medicines like aspirin also trigger an attack.
A simple device is known as a ‘peak flow meter’ can measure the lung volume and you can see the chances of an attack 02
There are many treatments available in alternative care therapy like hypnotherapy; Ayurveda and homeopathy which seem to have some means that can help reduce the intensity of the attacks. As there is no foolproof treatment available, asthma can only be controlled through medication and safeguarding yourself from allergens or relevant triggers for asthma.
4.3. What is the best treatment for asthma?
Asthma being a disease of the respiratory system surfaces when there is an obstruction in the air passage with difficulty breathing. Wheezing, shortness of breath, cough and excessive sputum are all indications of an impending asthma attack. Some medicines may be administered orally or intravenously to provide immediate relief.
Asthma has no cure but medicines are available that can suppress an asthma attack. Some of these medicines happen to be inhaled steroids, bronchodilators to help open airways. These may be used separately or combined in the same inhaler.
Treatments or preventive care include a restriction on smoking, looking after your diet, breathing exercises that help increase your lung capacity. Yoga asana helps in improving lung capacity and also increases blood circulation. Avoid dust, pollen, cats, and dogs that may trigger an allergic reaction.
5. Asthma Cough
The most common symptom of mild asthma is a chronic, persistent cough but it may be an indication of other pulmonary diseases. Diagnosis of asthma just based on the cough is difficult as reasons for a chronic cough can be many.
The best way to make out is if there is a wheezing sound with breathing or there is sputum that is not able to come out. asthma symptoms of cough only increase in intensity without medication and may continue until the person is totally out of breath.
5.1. What is asthma cough like?
An asthma cough is usually a dry cough that is caused by bronchial spasms. The main reason for the persistent cough is an allergen that sets off an immune system reaction to cough up the irritant. Airways get swollen due to the production of histamine and muscles of the bronchial system get into spasms leading to coughing to get the allergen out of the body.
However, swelling in the air passages can also lead to discomfort and breathlessness. These coughs are set off by any allergens and can continue for long durations sometimes needing medical help in very severe cases of asthma.
5.2. Does asthma cough go away?
To deal with an asthma cough and to lessen its intensity, using a bronchodilator can help loosen up the constricted muscles from around the bronchial tubes. The breathlessness occurs due to the tightening of these muscles forcing the person to gasp and pant.
Other medications that are used for relaxing the bronchial muscles are anti-inflammatory medicines like inhalers with steroids to reduce swelling from the bronchi tubes, making it easy to breathe.
Avoid pet dander, tobacco smoke, and other allergens that can immediately set off a trigger for a mild attack. These irritate the bronchial passages very fast and asthmatic coughs start. You should always keep your inhaler with you is recommended as an emergency measure.
Asthma Home Remedy
Asthma is a Greek word that means ‘panting or shortness of breath’. Asthma is brought on by allergens and reactions due to various medicines, pets, etc. Although there are a variety of medications that are available to suppress an oncoming asthma attack, there seems to be no cure for asthma. In alternative medicines or asthma home remedies, there are available many products that can help improving immunity and control an attack of asthma.
Asthma brings on symptoms of breathlessness, panting, inflammation of airways, and spasms of the respiratory airways. Asthmatic attacks can be brought on at any time of the day or night.
Asthmatic attacks have been linked to food allergies – wheat, eggs, milk, nuts, etc. Other reasons range from allergies to pets, pollen, chemicals, or dust. Sometimes, emotional disturbances, stress can also bring on an attack.
5.1. What is the best home remedy for asthma?
With the abundance of natural medicines and remedies available for curing asthma, they can be tried to provide some relief for patients. Asthma home remedy is the right solution for all your asthma problems. There are many natural products like honey, garlic, turmeric, bitter gourd, amla; dry figs all have immune building enzymes.
Honey is a good remedy for asthma and its intake brings relief by thinning out the mucus and helping it to come out, thus clearing the lungs and for better airflow. Garlic is another effective home remedy. Boling some garlic in milk or tea can reduce the symptoms of early asthma. Turmeric has anti-inflammation properties that will open the constricted air passages, helping proper breathing.
5.2. Is bitter gourd good for cough?
Bitter gourd is very effective that not only purifies blood but has medicinal properties to eliminate diabetes and asthma. It is a major component of different home remedies and ancient folk medicine. Using home remedies is the best remedy as it is safe, allergy-free, and does not have any side effects. Try out a good home remedy that provides you with relief.
6. Asthma Medication
One of the most popular asthma medications out there is the bronchodilator. It is an inhaler that is highly recommended and is effective in opening passage airways when asthma attacks happen. They also have few side effects when they are used in the recommended dose and are used constantly. The bronchodilator inhaler is offered in metered-dose and nebulizer.
It is preferred for severe cases of asthma attacks and for asthma that was brought on by strenuous activities. It is also the prime choice for moderate to severe asthma as it can be used with other medications. It is most convenient when wanting fast results from an asthma attack.
Though there are some cases where patients overuse the asthma medication due to its low side effects. Resulting in your body no longer responding to the treatment, which in turn can be very dangerous, when you are in an asthma attack and the inhaler isn’t responding to the episode.
It is best not to abuse your medication, following the prescribed directions can give you lasting results and also prevention of having major asthma attacks. Also, keep in mind too that if you are using your bronchodilator medication more often than the intended dose this could be a sign that you need stronger medication to help control your asthma attacks.
6.1. What is best medicine for asthma patient?
Asthma medication prescriptions can work wonders for you if you use the medication properly. The bronchodilator inhaler is a lifesaver if you use it as how the doctor prescribes it to you. Children and most adults who have mild cases of asthma mostly use the Bronchodilator inhaler.
Still, it is an asthma medication that can easily respond to an attack. It’s fast-acting and gives relief instantly. In some cases, if the inhaler isn’t working and you still are having an asthma attack, call 911 or rush to the emergency room.
7. Asthma Relief and You
There are many ways where you can have some asthma relief for yourself. Identifying and avoiding dietary factors that can trigger an asthma attack should be avoided. Avoiding food that can bring on an attack should be ignored and planning a healthy nutritious diet plan for yourself can raise the trigger threshold.
Asthma is brought on by nutritional deficiencies and stress leading to allergy attacks. This disease is better with natural treatments and to some extend is cured.
7.1. How can asthma be treated?
Asthma relief is better with precautions like using hypoallergenic supplements; avoid magnesium and vitamin C supplements in case you are suffering from other diseases also. In case of allergies to fish, avoid intake of fish oils, omega3 fatty acids and fish oil supplements.
You can consult a health specialist who can plan a good, healthy nutritious diet for improving your immune system, increasing stamina and reducing triggers for asthma.
If your health is better, asthma medication can be reduced and alternative herbal remedies can support it. A good herbal blend that has chamomile, cinnamon, cloves, rosemary, and sage is very beneficial in relaxing the trachea muscles.
Along with medication using supplements to boost immunity like bio-flaviods, vitamin supplements, supplements of magnesium can be given as its levels are low in asthmatics. Light exercises and yoga can be practiced by people to increase lung capacity and better flow of air. Being in the clean, open air and taking in deep gulps of air has also been known to provide relief.
7.2. Long-Term Control Medications Used to Treat Asthma
Long-term medication helps prevent asthma attacks but supporting it with good food, exercise and natural inhibitors like honey, turmeric which have anti-inflammatory properties can be beneficial.
Asthma can be prevented by avoiding things that can create a trigger for you. Use natural substances in your diet, avoid keeping pets as they bring in a lot of infections and coats shed, increasing irritants in the air.
8. Asthma Treatment
There are many medications you can take for asthma treatment. Also because each person is different in his or her asthma case treatment needs to be tailored for each individual. Most asthma medications are in the form of pills or inhalers. They are also put into two categories quick relief and long-term control. Quick-relief is to relieve the asthma attack immediately.
Unlike quick-relief medications, long-term control medications for asthma treatment are in both oral and inhalers. When it comes to these medications they help prevent the frequency of having an attack. They can also help minimize the severity of the attack as well. But it does take weeks to get the full results of the medications.
What is long-term asthma?
There are four categories of long-term control medications they are inhalers, oral, bronchodilators, and oral leukotriene modifiers. Each one has a specific use and each one is prescribed for the difference in the severity of asthma attacks.
Long-term control does not give quick relief but over time it helps to lessen the severity of the attacks. Depending on what type of asthma you and how severe the case and symptoms are you will fall under one of those categories.
When it comes to quick-relief medication for asthma treatment, the drug provides relief by relaxing the muscles around the inflamed airway making it easier to breathe and lessening the asthma attack.
Even though they begin to work within seconds they can only provide a limited amount of positive solutions to your asthma attack. These quick-relief medications are most commonly known as inhalers. Some are so small you can fit them right into your pocket. When you think you are going to have an attack you can easily use the inhaler to prevent yourself from having a severe asthma attack.
9. Bronchial Asthma
Bronchial asthma is another word for asthma. It is also a term used to differentiate itself from other forms of asthma. It is a destructive disease that attacks the respiratory system. It causes the airflow to work overtime creating shortness of breath and spasms in the victim’s chest causing one to go into strenuous efforts in controlling one breathing; creating a severe asthma attack.
Bronchial asthma is usually caused by a particular allergy such as the likes of dust, dander or mold. Although it is also believed that it is caused by respiratory infections.
In most cases, if that is the cause by it, the symptoms would be a tight lining of the air passageways causing them to become swollen and reducing the airflow resulting in whizzing sounds with the mass mucus production increase. Though having this type of disease can at times become a dangerous hazard.
If the airflow becomes too restricted the individual themselves suffocates resulting in fainting, cardiac arrest, and the face and lips turning blue/purple and in some cases resulting in death. Asthma can affect you at any age and it’s best to be aware of the developing symptoms in case you fall victim to having an attack.
9.1. What is the difference between asthma and bronchial asthma?
Bronchial asthma is an allergic condition, knowing which allergens to avoid can help in having less frequent unexpected attacks. Controlling your symptoms through medication can also help in your fight controlling your asthma.
Always remember to decrease or control exposure to any known allergens that will cause you to have attacks. The more you know the better off you are. Knowing what causes your attacks and anticipating any attacks can help you in your fight against the disease and hinder any more damage the asthma might of caused to your lungs or heart.
Cause of Asthma
Sometimes we don’t know why asthma accrues. Asthma can creep up on you suddenly without having any previous symptoms. So what is the cause of asthma one might ask?
Most doctors will tell you that those who generate asthma symptoms are most likely from a variety yet vague cases. Doctors can not really pinpoint the source of why asthma accrues but they can give the reasons as to how it might be triggered.
What causes adult asthma?
Genetics plays a key factor in most cases of asthma; most doctors believe the cause of asthma starts here. They believe that any immediate family member that carries the disease will expose it to future siblings. Another factor is the environment you live in. Smoke, animals, pollens, molds, and dust all can play a part in developing asthma. The food you eat can cause attacks; allergic reactions to foods can kick start asthma attacks.
Not enough excitement can cause asthma development. The less you exercise the less your lungs get a work out causing your airways to be put in a stressful situation that triggers asthma. Where you work can make a difference in developing asthma some of the chemicals that surround you in the workplace can give you an asthma attack.
From many of these studies that the doctors conduct it is proven that many factors play a part in the causes of asthma.
We the individuals are not aware of the factors of what causes asthma but we can educate ourselves at knowing what are the symptoms of hoping to prevent it or at least keeping it under control. The more we know what motives asthma can play in our lives the better chances we have at understanding the disease and trying to prevent ourselves from getting it.
10. Childhood Asthma
Childhood asthma is a genetic disorder with a strong allergy component. Moderating your child’s allergy condition can help lessen asthma attacks and cause less stress on your child’s physical well-being.
Like any concerned parent, your child’s welfare is most important to you. Moderating all activities your child does throughout the day can help with maintaining your child’s sudden asthma attacks. Also, keep an eye on warning signs of his or her asthma worsening is key as well.
10.1. What are the symptoms of childhood asthma?
Childhood asthma is one of the most leading illnesses today. Most children are diagnosed with the disease by the age of five. Due to the nature of the illness, most children suffer greatly and are limited to activities that can cause them physical exertion. In recent studies, most children who have asthma suffer a total of 70% of lost school days due to having asthma attacks that cause them to stay at home. Even though there is no cure for asthma most children grow up to lead productive lives.
Even though it is a common chronic disease you should still learn everything you can on preventing and maintaining your child’s asthma. Also, keep your child’s doctor aware of any sudden changes in your child’s condition.
Some of the key factors of developing childhood asthma are heredity, allergies, and exposure to tobacco smoking before and after birth, substance allergens, and viral infections.
Knowing what triggers asthma in children can give you a better overall understanding of how to prevent if it’s not family heredity and also how to treat it. Knowing which foods and environmental surroundings can lead to asthma attacks can help your child have a better progressive childhood and leadless asthmatic lifestyle.
If you prevent most asthma situations by knowing what causes your child to have an attack then your child can have a happy productive life.
11. Different Types of Asthma
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory system that is characterized by attacks of wheezing, constriction in the chest, and shortness of breathing.
Although the symptoms are the same but type of asthma differs. Some of these are Child onset asthma, adult-onset asthma, exercise onset asthma, cough onset asthma, Occupational asthma, nocturnal asthma.
Child onset asthma is induced by genetic reasons and begins early asthma. When the children are exposed to house dust mites, fungi, pollens, resulting in a type of antibody produced that is supposed to engulf and destroy foreign materials. This makes the air passages sensitive to specific materials and exposure leads to asthmatic attacks. Adult-onset asthma develops after the person attains 20 years. It affects more women than men and is generally associated with allergies, medicine side effects. Another source of adult-onset asthma is exposure to occupations that relate to animal products, plastics, dust, wood, or metals.
11.1. How do I know if I have exercise-induced asthma?
Another type of asthma is exercise-induced asthma which is triggered after strenuous exercise with symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath. This specific type of asthma is associated with heart problems and poor physical health. Exercise-induced asthma occurs after 5 to 20 minutes of exercise. Sports that have strenuous exercise like hockey, marathons can trigger this asthma. Other activities that can trigger this attack are laughing, hyperventilating, crying, coughs.
Occupational asthma happens when the person is allergic to products that work-related like contaminated air smoke, fumes, chemicals, dust. Any of these though is not hazardous but can trigger an attack in a person who is susceptible to these allergens. Nocturnal asthma occurs between midnight and morning at 8 am. It is triggered by dust, pets, and other sinus conditions. These symptoms occur while lying down or in the middle of the night.
Although the symptoms are common in all the asthmas, the reasons differ for each attack from each individual.
12. Infant Asthma
Infant asthma or childhood asthma has become widespread in current times. Childhood asthma is traumatic and also makes the child weak, making them limit their activity. The causes for adult and childhood or infant asthma are the same.
The causes for asthma remain the same – inflammation in the bronchial passages leading to constricted breathing. The passages become very sensitive to different allergens and spasms of cough take place leading to labored breathing.
However, infant asthma gets cured with medicine and with age sometimes. Children with asthma are known to lead normal lives as they grow up. Knowing about the symptoms of asthma helps parents realize the problem earlier and start the medication to prevent and cure the illness. The basic symptoms are coughing, wheezing, breathlessness, chest congestion, and constriction of the chest in children.
Other symptomatic signs may be a rattling cough or reoccurring bronchitis with pneumonia, persistent cough. However, not all symptoms may be needed for medical attention. Even one or some symptoms are enough for you to show him to a good doctor.
11.1 Does infant asthma go away?
In children with asthma, the air passages are constantly inflamed which leads to frequent attacks after being triggered by smoke, dust, exercise, weather changes, pollutants, fuels, etc., and other allergens as they are active all the time, they are more prone.
The doctor will be able to make the right diagnosis based on the symptoms of the child as some symptoms may relate to nonasthma diseases also. As with adults children also develop asthma due to stress.
They are not able to understand changes in the form of family structure or maybe school and subconscious stress comes out in the form of asthma.
Genetic factors also contribute to this illness also. Mother‘s genes are the contributing factor in childhood asthma.
However, the effects of childhood asthma wear of in the majority of the cases with age and medication.
13. Prednisone Asthma
Prednisone and asthma go hand in hand. As it is one of the most common drugs to use for treatment. One of the key elements of prednisone is that can help lessen and treat severe asthma.
Prednisone is a man-made corticosteroid used for suppressing the immune system and inflammation. For those who suffer from asthma, it is a wonder drug that can help suppress the inflammation of the airways.
As with any drug, there are moderate to severe side effects. For those who take prednisone and who are asthmatic some of these side effects vary.
Some of the mild side effects that accrue when taking prednisone are vomiting, stomach irritation, headache, dizziness, insomnia, restlessness, and increased hair growth.
13.1 Some of the more severe side effects of prednisone for the treatment of asthma:
- Easy Bruising
- Skin rash
- Swollen limbs such as legs, ankles, or face,
- Muscle weakness
- Vision problems.
Of course, taking prednisone for asthma does not mean that these side effects will happen overnight. Each side effect varies and the symptoms happen over a period of time, depending on the dose and how long you stay on the drug.
None the less if any of these side effects do happen speak with your doctor immediately. There are also positive effects of taking prednisone for asthma especially in children.
In most cases, children who suffer from acute asthma have had a positive result from the drug. They develop less whizzing, better breathing symptoms, lungs are less to swell up, and the drug seems not to have any major side effects in children who take prednisone for asthma.
As with any drug consult your physician and see if prednisone is right for you when it comes to your asthma symptoms.
14. Using Herbs for Asthma
Asthma is a killer disease that has medicines to suppress the attacks but asthma-related disorders and infections of the lungs can be fatal. Though there are medicines, still taking herbs for asthma is a good way to prevent asthma is good as these remedies have no side effect but in return boost your immunity.
There are many things that can trigger an asthma attack like pet dander, allergens, pollen, pollutants and exercise, smoke, etc.
In case of an emergency attack, black coffee has shown to be effective in reducing the intensity of asthma. Along with caffeine, they contain theobromine and theophylline also known as xanthenes which are natural compounds that stop bronchial spasms and open up air passages.
14.1. What plant can cure asthma?
Some herbs that can increase your chances of lowering asthma attacks are Ephedra or Ma Huang which has been used for centuries in folk medicine. It needs to be consumed as tea and it is strong so take the advice of an alternative medicine specialist before going in for it.
Stinging nettles have been a favorite in Australia as an herb for the treatment of asthma and antihistamine. You need to cook them for consumption.
Anise and fennel have enzymes creosol and alpha-pinene that help loosen the mucus in the lungs providing relief in breathing. Others that have similar properties are cardamom, coriander, parsley, ginger that can be used for relieving asthmatic symptoms.
Gingko has been used extensively in Chinese medicine for allergies, cough, and asthma. Other citrus fruits like orange, lemon, and tomato have Vitamin C and research has shown that 1000mg of Vitamin C can prevent asthmatic attacks considerably. It also controls wheezing, respiratory infections, and other allergic symptoms.
Using herbs to support medication can help a lot sometimes, medication can be reduced also. All systems of medications provide relief to asthma patients and can be given a try to see what suits you best.