Some medical conditions like aneurysm should always be given immediate and thorough care to ensure that the patient will stay safe.
Otherwise, further complications can result which lead to lifelong effects or even death. When aneurysm occurs, other conditions causing or triggered by it should also be addressed. Some situations are considered mild and treatable while others will require long term therapy and medications. Here are some tips on how to identify the problem and what the associated risks and triggers are.
An aneurysm is a medical condition wherein part of a blood vessel or artery swells and leaks or bursts. The blood vessel may be located in different areas of the body, thereby causing bleeding or hemorrhage because the vessel walls can no longer contain the blood properly.
Certain vital organs will also be deprived of blood, oxygen and other nutrients leading to improper function or necrosis of tissues. The types of aneurysm will depend on the specific location and effects. Other serious conditions can quickly develop if the bleeding is not stopped. The leak will generally stem at the weakest point of the blood vessel. When the condition develops the vessel will be more at risk for rupturing, bursting or leaking.
The Causes of Aneurysm
Individuals can inherit aneurysm from their parents. Some people are particularly at risk for atherosclerosis or might have inherited weak spots in their arteries due to genetic conditions. Age is also a risk factor which explains why there are more individuals experiencing the condition after they reach 40 years old. Some of the other triggers or causes include gender, family history, racial background, experiencing the problem before, high blood pressure or hypertension and smoking.
Smoking, certain drugs and alcohol can lead to vasoconstriction or constricting of the blood vessels, thereby add more pressure to the walls. Some individuals who have parents or relatives with the condition are also more prone to having the same problem. Individuals who already had an attack before are categorized as being high risk. Women as well as African Americans seem to be especially predisposed to having the condition.
The Symptoms of Aneurysm
Aneurysm can occur without any presenting symptoms which make it harder to diagnose. There are cases when an unruptured type happens, leading to some effects like pain in the head or neck, blurred vision and high blood pressure. If the ruptured type occurs, seek immediate medical help and provide the proper remedies to the patient.
Some of the symptoms associated with the condition include vomiting, nausea, pain in the neck, severe headache, seizures, nausea, fainting, sensitivity to sound or light, loss of consciousness, drowsiness, vomiting, visual disturbances, confusion, stiff neck, drooping of one eyelid, lack of energy, lack of memory and focus and tired feelings.
Diagnosing Aneurysm for Brain Diseases
Brain aneurysm is described as the bursting or leaking of a blood vessel located in the brain. A number of tests are done to determine if the person has the condition such as a CT scan or computer tomography scan which will indicate bleeding inside the brain. MRA or magnetic resonance angiography may also be done which involves the application of magnetic pulses to show images of the blood vessels. Dye will be applied to provide a clearer picture and show where the leak or damage is located.
A CTA or computed tomography angiogram is done to check blood vessels. This is either done as an alternative to a CT scan or done concurrently to have a more definite diagnosis. Dye will still be introduced into the blood to show blood vessel images clearly.
Cerebral angiogram is another test which involves the use of an x-ray machine and catheter placed into the blood vessel. The dye is also applied into the artery to show clear images. One of the main objectives of doctors when doing these tests is to ensure that aneurysm is truly present as well as to indicate the particular location so that they can treat it through surgery or other available means.
Treatment of aneurysm especially the type involved in brain diseases can be done by surgical clipping and coil embolization. Surgical clipping will include putting a metal clip at the bottom of the source of the bleeding to exclude it from regular blood circulation. The pressure will then be reduced and keep the vessel from bursting.
The coil embolization approach involves inserting a tiny tube into the blood vessel and then properly putting it close to the source of the problem. Pressure is thereby relieved so rupture or bursting of the vessel is prevented. There are also medications that will help widen the size of the blood vessels to allow blood to flow freely and reduce the building pressure against the walls. There are also medications that will alleviate the presenting symptoms like headache, nausea and vomiting.
Doctor’s Options for Aneurysm
Treatment of aneurysm will also depend on several factors. Doctors will consider each of these carefully as well as study the features and presenting symptoms to determine the best approach. Some of the things that the physician or surgeon needs to check include the age of the patient, the physical capacity of the person, the location of the damage, the size of the damage, the presence of other illnesses and other risk factors.
Doctors will also take the medical and family background of the patient to determine what other risks might be involved. The patient will be asked if he is taking any other drugs, supplements or herbs that might affect the effectiveness of the recommended drugs. The dosage will also be adjusted based on the response of the patient and tolerance to treatment.
Aneurysm can be treatable especially when attended to at an early time. Patients must also be educated about the relative effects and consequences. They should start embarking on a healthier diet and exercise regimen to prevent re-occurrence. Individuals are advised to maintain healthy blood pressure levels and reduce cholesterol and fat levels in the body. Maintenance drugs might also be recommended by the physician.