The most important question, Can Men be Nurses? Men as nursing care strategies are an important role in caring for the sick in colonized Australia, their work contribution was not noticed. Historical documents show a significant number of men employed in the profession, which consisted of providing nursing care in Australia in the nineteenth century (01).
The imperceptibility of Can Men be Nurses in the history of nursing is typical not only for Australia, but it is also difficult to find documented archives around the world proving the contribution of men to nursing.
Moreover, modern nursing was established at the end of the 19th century as a result of reforms initiated by Florence Nightingale.
Nightingale’s philosophy has led to the identification of nursing with women and the disappearance of Can Men be Nurses in this profession. Two factors played a leading role in the development of modern nursing and the involvement of men in caring for the sick: Christianity and war.
The rise of the monastic movement in Christianity was the beginning of not only centers of religion and devotion, but also healing centers because nursing of the sick was an important function of the monastic ideal.
History of Combining Nursing and War:
Combining nursing and war, the closest association will be the person of Florence Nightingale. Before she left for Crimea, the paramedics, despite the lack of training, nurtured British soldiers, based only on experience with working with surgeons. Men were also involved in caring for the wounded during the Civil War.
The Confederate Army appointed 30 men as a regiment to dress the wounded and evacuate those soldiers who could not walk. However, the title of “nurse” was awarded only to women recruited by Dorota Dix,
who was appointed as a supervisor of nurses by the Secretary of War. On both sides, volunteer men also acted as medical assistance. The most famous is the poet Walt Whitman. He left behind personal accounts of caring for the sick written from a male perspective, these are two collections of poems Drum-taps (1865) and Sequel to Drum-tas (1865-6) and memories of Specimen Days in America (1887).
One of Whitman’s most famous poems from this period is ‘The Wound Dresser, which after 150 years still strongly influences the imagination as it describes the activities and emotions that nurses constantly experience.
Nursing Care in Colonial:
There is evidence that nursing care in colonial times was provided by both women and Can Men be Nurses without medical preparation until the late 19th century. The history of the hospital in Parramatta (1790-1818) reveals that “patients were regularly looked after by incompetent drunk men and in some cases drunk women.”
At Sydney Hospital (1820-1860): “The wards took care of suffering men. Wards were usually found by convalescents who showed an aptitude for these duties at the time when they were patients themselves.
“The use of the word “departmental” illustrates one mechanism by which Can Men be Nurses contribution to nursing has been made invisible. The title “nurse” became associated only with women, Often, the work they undertook was limited, e.g. to the obligation to provide care for male patients who could offend a woman’s sensitivity.
Story of Sir Henry Parkes:
Sir Henry Parkes, the Colonial Secretary, was concerned about the terrifying conditions at Sydney Hospital and asked Nightingale to send qualified nurses there to remedy the situation. In 1868 Lucy Osborn and five other educated nurses came to Sydney.
The vision of Nursing Nightingale was decidedly feminine: “Every woman is a nurse” The Nightingale model became obligatory in Australia and established nursing as a profession dominated by women. While women have become the main workforce in city hospitals, this has not always been the case in the periphery of the country, especially in rural hospitals.
No legal barriers prohibiting the man from being a nurse:
There were no legal barriers prohibiting the man from being a nurse, however, admission to the school was dependent on the approval of the head. It seems that at least in Sydney it was difficult to get it.
For example, at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH) in 1950, despite a shortage of nursing staff, the marriage application (nurse and nurse from England) was rejected by the Board because it was not anticipated employment of men.
What’s more, no man was employed as a nurse until 1966 in South Africa. It took an additional three years before the first man was admitted to nursing school in South Africa, and until 1970 Can Men be Nurses were not accepted in most hospitals as employees? It’s interesting if we compare it with an example from Lismore Base Hospital (Australia).
Relationship between Men and Nursing
The relationship between men and nursing is long and significant, but unfortunately, it is poorly documented, partly because of the problem with the nomenclatures used to identify a male medical caregiver.
The activity of men in this profession continued to decline until the end of the 19th century. Nightingale and her student have contributed significantly to this phenomenon. The abandonment of nursing by men must also be analyzed in the context of the dominant ideology of the Victorian era.
This period established stereotypes about women and Can Men be Nurses still present today. And he helped to give nursing a female gender.