Perspectives of Nurses in European Countries

Capping and Forgotten Nursing Traditions:

Capping and Forgotten Nursing Traditions is a most important celebration in the life of every nurse. It is the ceremony of applying to the future nurse a swimming cap – a symbol of the profession, as well as the mark of the first degree of professional initiation. During the celebration, students are introduced to the history of the white cap, its symbolism and legal significance. The task of capping is to influence students’ emotions and create a hierarchy of values. Joining consists of four basic elements.

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These are:
1. The teacher putting a cap on the head of nursing graduates,
2. Lighting a candle and placing it on an Aesculapius candlestick
a Hose wrapping a spell containing the top of the medicine),
3.Taking oaths by students.
4. Singing the nursing hymn.

Nursing Vow:

“With deep reverence and pride I receive the symbol of a nurse given to me, I vow that I will do everything, That it will become in practice a Symbol of all that is good, Human and noble. I will abide by the rules of professional ethics, Prepare myself diligently for future work. I will always be able to help those in  need, the weak and the suffering. I vow to care for the honor of the university, enrich its traditions and achievements.

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Application of a velvet strip:

Capping and Forgotten Nursing

Striping is the ceremonial application of a velvet strip on the lap of the bonnet. According to Jadwiga Iżycka in Poland, the first banding took place at the Warsaw nursing school. It was based on mapping the habits of American nursing schools. It consisted of the assumption of a school student’s Capping and Forgotten Nursing, one narrow strip, six months before graduation. The history of the three stripes located transversely on the lap cap of nurse goes back to the time of the introduction in our country of education in medical high schools, and later in a medical vocational study. This narrow strip or velvet cap of nurse has its own separate history.
“The former right to wear velvet hats in France was only for high-born women
from noble families. At the court of the Queen of France
Maria Medycejska was a midwife – towns-person Loysa Bourgeois Doursier (1563-1636), who at the time when the heir to the throne was born, showed
extraordinary skills and obstetric knowledge. In gratitude and recognition, the
queen gave her the privilege of wearing a velvet cap in nursing, velvet collar
and gold chain. Therefore, the marigold was to reflect the
professionalism of the midwife, later also the nurse. Other sources say that the
marigold exemplifies the rank of a person in the profession (schoolgirl,
nurse).

Right to wear signs:

The right to wear signs of the profession is governed by the circular of the Minister of Health of February 8, 1950 (Journal of Laws of the Ministry of Health of February 5, 1950), which states that: “nurses who graduated from school or submitted a state exam,
they may wear the caps 2 cm wide strip in black (red – midwife, blue – dietitian). According to the letter, it is forbidden to wear the above mentioned signs by other personnel.

International Nurse Day:

 International Nurse Day is a holiday celebrated by WHO, and was established by the decision of the International Council of Nurses at the Congress in Mexico in 1973. The date of the nurses’ holiday is not accidental. May 12 is the anniversary of the birth of the mother of modern nursing – Florence Nightingale.This day is the feast of all nursing professionals around the world.The day the professional group wishes to draw attention to nursing problems and the nurse’s place in healthcare. 

Every year, the International Council of Nurses announces the slogan of the celebration, in 2020 it reads as follows: “Nurses care about quality for Capping and Forgotten Nursing, serve society. They are leaders in long-term care. “
May 12 also symbolizes the strengthening of information on the situation of nursing in society. The second meaning of this holiday is the value of judgment and value, distinguished nurses are distinguished on that day.

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