The brain is one of the most important parts of the body so a list of brain diseases would be helpful to appreciate the full benefits and characteristics of the organ.
No other part or organ in the body would function without the brain because it directs everything and maintains a variety of simple and complex processes to ensure that human beings perform and work well. The list of brain diseases will include different conditions ranging from mild to the untreatable. All of these are important to understand to a certain extent for proper treatment, recovery as well as prevention.
Categorizing the List of Brain Diseases
Since there are so many in the list of brain diseases, doctors and experts have to classify these accordingly. There are different ways of grouping the conditions depending on the presentation, the duration or span of time, the nature, the symptoms and the affected regions of the body.
For example, brain diseases can be tagged as acute or chronic or short term or long term. There are also other names added to the description of the disease which pertain to the relative effects or the specific regions of the body affected by the ailment. The list of brain disease can also be arranged according to the presentation such as infection, seizure, inflammation, the presence of pressure, the presence of tumors and if other conditions are involved.
List of Brain Diseases: The Kinds of Infections
The list of brain diseases can include those caused or triggered by infection. The infection can come from a virus, bacteria or other agents. Meningitis is one of the known diseases which cause inflammation of the protective layer surrounding the brain as well as the spinal cord. The person might exhibit headache, dizziness and confusion. There are various kinds of meningitis. Viral meningitis is one of the most common and is generally acquired when a virus invades the body through openings and then moves to the brain. Bacterial mengitis can also occur, generally triggered by bacterial invasion.
Brain abscess is another infectious brain disorder triggered by bacterial infection. The area might swell and the person might develop symptoms like fever and chills. Encephalitis is another disorder caused by infection. The condition will cause tissues in the brain to swell and get irritated. At times encephalitis can happen to together with meningitis so the condition will be referred to as meningo-encephalitis.
List of Brain Diseases: Caused by Tumors
Millions of brain disease conditions are caused by the growth of abnormal tissue, masses or tumors in the area. As these continue to develop, less space will be available in the region considering that the brain is covered by the cranium or skull. Intracranial pressure will then develop causing a variety of severe symptoms and even death.
The list of brain diseases will include brain tumor, pseudotumor cerebri, glioblastoma, hydrocephalus and many others. Brain tumor is one of the more common types characterized by the growth of tissues in the region. The condition can be defined as either benign or malignant, with the latter usually leading to poor prognosis. As the tumor grows bigger, the pressure will also grow causing patients to feel intense pain, sensory changes and confusion.
Under this list of brain diseases, hydrocephalus is characterized by the rise of cerebrospinal or brain fluid inside the cranium. Most cases is due to abnormal circulation, thereby building pressure in the area. Glioblastoma is described as a malignant brain tumor that usually leads to poor prognosis. Hydrocephalus can also cause other adverse symptoms that might prevent the person from performing normal activities or walking.
The condition is usually described based on the pressure exerted on the skull. Pseudomotor cerebri will create added pressure within the cranium and cause different adverse effects like vision problems and dizziness. The list of brain diseases should be considered seriously when tumors are present.
Cancer may be becoming more common these days but brain cancer is actually one of the rare brain diseases. There are two general kinds of brain cancer. The first is primary brain cancer which originates in the brain. The second is metastatic brain cancer which begins in some of the part of the body and then transfers to the brain.
List of Brain Diseases: Causing Seizures
The list of brain diseases involving seizures will usually come from head trauma or other genetic conditions. The true cause is not known but there are several conditions included in the list like strokes, head injury and epilepsy. Concussions will lead to different symptoms depending on the severity of the condition and the nature of the problem.
Patients usually have difficulty concentrating or get confused. Intracerebral hemorrhage is characterized by bleeding inside the brain. This usually happens if the patient has high blood pressure or suffered from a serious injury to the head. Traumatic brain injury is also included in the list of brain diseases which is characterized by mood changes and personality disorders.
List of Brain Diseases: Related to Arteries and Veins
Since there are several blood vessels leading to and coming from the brain, the list of brain diseases will also cover many circumstances. Stroke is caused by inadequate circulation of oxygen and blood to the brain. This is generally caused by blockage of an artery thereby rendering the patient completely disabled for a momentary period. Stroke or cardiovascular accident is a condition wherein a blood vessel that supplies oxygen, blood and nutrients to the brain is blocked. It is the counterpart of a heart attack. The brain attack is known as a medical emergency so once the person shows the symptoms, emergency medical attention should be given to prevent lifelong complications or death.
Serious and long-lasting effects can follow if the condition is not helped. Hemorrhagic stroke is a type of stroke wherein the brain tissue is pressed and normal circulation is impeded or impaired. Ischemic stroke is characterized by a blockage in the artery which disrupts proper circulation. TIA or transient ischemic attack is the improper flow of oxygen and blood to the brain. The symptoms might resemble a stroke although the problem is more treatable and patients can still resume a normal and healthy life afterwards.
Treating the List of Brain Diseases
Treatment for the list of brain diseases will depend on several factors such as the specific condition being suffered by the patient, the age of the patient, tolerance and response to therapies and medications and medical history.
Some patients only develop the list of brain diseases when they reach a certain age while others might already manifest the symptoms at a very young age. The prognosis will vary based on the type of condition and the available treatment. Some brain disorders or diseases do not have a true identified cause while others are labeled as incurable.
Doctors will conduct a series of tests and diagnostic procedures to fully identify the list of brain diseases and rule out the existence of others. Brain problems will usually present several similar symptoms so the tests will properly identify the specific case. Doctors can then create a proper intervention plan that will guarantee safety and recovery. For conditions that are incurable, symptomatic treatment is generally advised.