Ovarian cancer, as the name implies, can only occur in the ovaries in women. It is a very life-threatening cancer indeed, as it is often undetected until the cancer has already spread through the pelvis and most of the abdomen. It is at this late stage when most cases of ovarian cancer are discovered that the cancer has already been deemed fatal.
Tap this page and get the answer’s about ovarian cancer.
- How do you get ovarian cancer?
- Can you survive ovarian cancer?
- Is ovarian cancer a terminal?
- What was your first sign of ovarian cancer?
1.0 – OVARIAN CANCER Define?
Ovarian cancer is a difficult disease to detect early, due to the lack of information and knowledge about it, since the symptoms are often imprecise and are confuse with other common diseases.
Also, gynecologists do not normally talk to their patients about ovarian cancer.
This disease is cause by cancerous or malignant cells that settle in the ovaries.
Cancer develops when these cells start to grow out of control.
There are several types of tumors that can start in the ovaries.
Some are benign and non-cancerous, and the patient can be cure immediately through surgery.
Others are malignant or cancerous.
Treatment options and the patient’s improvement process depend on the type of ovarian cancer and how far it has spread before it is diagnosed.
The stage status of the tumor can be determine during surgery when the doctor can define whether the cancer has spread outside the ovaries, or not.
1.1 – EVOLUTION STATES
There are 4 stages of evolution of ovarian cancer, from stage 1 (early disease) to stage 4 (advance disease).
The criticality of the 4 states is cause according to how it extends according to the following:
- Stage 1: Cancer growth is limited to the ovaries.
- Stage 2: It extends to the pelvic area.
- Stage 3: It extends beyond the pelvis to the abdominal cavity.
- Stage 4: This is the most advanced stage, in which the cancer generates distant metastases, spreading to organs located outside the peritoneal cavity.
UNFORTUNATELY, DUE TO THE NON-SPECIFIC SYMPTOMS PRESENT BY OVARIAN CANCER, ONLY 19% OF CASES ARE DETECT IN AN EARLY STATE, EITHER BY A FINDING OR BY HAVING CONTACT A PROFESSIONAL WHO INFORM THEIR PATIENTS.
2.0 – Risk factor’s
The presence of one or more risk factors can increase the possibility of a woman suffering from ovarian cancer, but this does not NECESSARILY mean that she will have this disease.
It is important to know that absolutely ALL WOMEN ARE AT RISK OF SUFFERING OVARIAN CANCER , regardless of the existence of risk factors.
A woman, with one or more risk factors, should be monitor more frequently, to achieve an early detection of probable symptoms.
BY PERFORMING ROUTINE ANALYSIS OF TRANSVAGINAL ULTRASOUND, AND OF THE CA-125 INDICATOR THROUGH A SIMPLE BLOOD ANALYSIS, EARLY DETECTION AND GREATER POSSIBILITY OF CURE IS POSSIBLE .
THE IMPORTANT THING IS TO TALK ABOUT IT WITH YOUR GYNECOLOGIST, AND REMOVE ALL THE DOUBTS YOU HAVE.
The following risk factors can increase the chances of having this disease, but the specific causes of ovarian cancer are still unknown.
- THE MOST IMPORTANT : Personal or family history of breast, ovarian or colon cancer.
- Advanced age
- Unwanted infertility
- Not having children
- Onset of menstruation at a very early age or onset of menopause at an older age than average.
IT SHOULD BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT THAT HAVING A CLOSE RELATIVE WITH OVARY CANCER, THE RISK OF SUFFERING THIS DISEASE IS INCREASED 3 TIMES .
3.0 – Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
Ovarian cancer is difficult to detect, especially in the early stages, due to the fact that only the ovaries are affected, either one or both.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are very common, typical of very normal complaints or diseases and nothing serious, but
Given its persistence over time, WITHOUT IMPROVEMENT BEFORE ADEQUATE TREATMENTS OR, BEFORE THE LACK OF A CONCRETE AND CERTAIN DIAGNOSIS RELATED TO COMMON SYMPTOMS, it is advisable to suspect the probable existence of this disease and consult a gynecologist as soon as possible.
Some of these symptoms are:
- Abdominal or pelvic pain or discomfort
- Mild but persistent gastrointestinal complaints, such as gas, nausea, and indigestion.
- High frequency and / or urgency to urinate in the absence of infection.
- Unexplained weight gain or loss.
- Bloating or a feeling of abdominal or pelvic inflammation.
- Feeling of being full quickly
- Back pain or continuous and unusual tiredness.
- Unjustified changes in bowel habits.
- Loss of appetite
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Abnormal non-menstrual bleeding.
These symptoms can be confuse with gastrointestinal upset, perimenopause, or simple weakness or tiredness , and are often ignored.
IF THESE SYMPTOMS PERSIST OVER TIME, DESPITE TREATMENTS, OR WITHOUT ANY JUSTIFICATION , THERE MAY BE AN EARLY WARNING OF OVARIAN CANCER.
THAT’S WHY IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT YOU TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THESE SYMPTOMS, THAT YOU TALK WITH YOUR GYNECOLOGIST WITHOUT FEAR AND CLEARLY ABOUT THIS DISEASE
4.0 – Early detection
First of all, it is necessary to make it clear that PAPANICOLAOU and COLPOSCOPY DO NOT DETECT OVARIAN CANCER.
Both tests are perform to detect injuries to the UTERINE NECK, VULVA, and VAGINA.
Beyond these examinations, every woman should have an annual gynecological exam that WITHOUT EXCEPTION includes:
- 1. A vaginal pelvic exam , to palpate the probable existence of a non-normal lump.
- 2. A transvaginal ultrasound .
- 3. A ROUTINE blood test for the marker CA-125, which determines the level of the protein produced by ovarian cancer cells.
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT YOU DISCUSS THIS TOPIC WITH YOUR GYNECOLOGIST.
The CA-125 being an important test, it is not always accurate, and for this reason it should be complement with the other studies mentioned, or those that the doctor considers.
Some non-cancerous diseases of the ovaries increase CA-125 levels, and some ovarian cancer does not produce a high level of that marker, to be consider positive.
As of today, it is possible to include the aforementioned tests in any annual checkup , since, as stated above, it is not essential to be within the risk factors mentioned for ovarian cancer.
If one or more of the 3 tests is positive, more detail studies should be performed, if considered, to obtain the most accurate diagnosis possible.
Research continues to develop more accurate detection and prevention methods.
That is why it is important to ask the doctor to perform these analyzes, since they are not normally consider by the professional.
5.0 – Treatment / diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer
Given the existence of this disease, it is essential to see an immediate gynecologist specializing in oncology, who is a doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in the reproductive organs of women. It can also be treat with a working group made up of a gynecologist and an oncologist, always maintaining contact with the same professionals.
The doctors who treat you must have experience in the treatment and physical management of this type of disease.
It is very important that they be people who are sensitive to your concerns, that they have a pleasant and supportive personality towards you, and with whom you feel comfortable in communication and treatment, in order to maintain a minimally adequate psychological state, which helps effectiveness. of indicate medical therapy.
It is known that the psychological state of a person and the will to live and carry out difficult treatment is very important for a greater chance of success. For this reason, psychological-psychiatric care is also recommend in order to complement medical-oncological care and treatment.
The GP must be willing to answer your phone calls and needs quickly and must be the same, easily located.
To date, work is being done on the identification of different types of treatment according to the progress of the disease, base on the investigations that are being carried out. Information already exists on Internet sites, but dedicate to specialists, and it is not yet ready to be informed to patients.
The treatment of this disease is based on 2 points:
- SURGERY: It is the first thing that is done to have an exact diagnosis of the situation in the ovaries, and the very probable surgery of the same to avoid the growth of cancer cells.
- CHEMOTHERAPY: Medication that is inject and travels through the bloodstream is use to destroy malignant cells, or stop their growth in and out of the ovaries. This treatment is most commonly use as a next step after surgery.
The details, times, doses, etc., of these treatments will be consider by the specialists according to each case and according to the reaction of each person to them.
It is important to be aware that each person is different, in every way, and also the state of the disease, so that each body reacts differently to each treatment, which means that it is not valid to compare cases in apparently similar situations.
6.0 – For Family and Friends
To begin to realize what we know about ovarian cancer ASK YOURSELF:
- WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT OVARY CANCER?
- WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
- CAN IT BE DETECT WITH A SIMPLE PAP?
As you read this page you will realize that we know VERY LITTLE OR NOTHING about this treacherous disease called “the silent killer”, which if detect early, IS CURABLE !!!
WITH A SIMPLE INDICATOR (CA-125) IN A ROUTINE BLOOD ANALYSIS IT IS POSSIBLE TO PREVENT THIS DISEASE.
TALK IT TO YOUR GYNECOLOGIST!
I recommend that you go through all the pages with conscience one by one and then if you are interested, send me an email to [email protected] with your data so that there are many of us who can fight in some way against this disease and thus be able to try to save lives.
Ovarian Cancer Alert and Prevention
YOUR PARTICIPATION CAN BE VERY IMPORTANT
- I MAKE MY PERSONAL DATA AVAILABLE TO WHOEVER REQUESTS IT SO THAT THERE ARE NO DOUBTS ABOUT THE TRUTH AND HONESTY OF THIS PAGE.
- THIS PAGE DOES NOT HAVE ANY COMMERCIAL PURPOSE, AND IS NOT INTEND TO GIVE REPLACEMENT ADVICE TO THE DOCTOR.
- MY HUMBLE INTENTION IS TO INFORM WHAT IS NECESSARY FROM MY OWN EXPERIENCE, SO THAT LESS WOMEN AND THEIR FAMILIES SUFFER FROM THIS DISEASE.
7.0 – SOURCES OF INFORMATION
- NOCC- National Coalition Against Ovarian Cancer (USA).
- Gilda Radner Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry : Registry of families with 2 or more members with ovarian cancer. Didactic information Alert on Ovarian Cancer.
- Johannas Law : Law issued by the US Government for the prevention of gynecological cancers.
- Ovarian Cancer health.ny.gov : Information from the New York Department of Health.
- American Cancer Society : Learn About Ovarian Cancer
- Facing our risk ofcancer : Facing our cancer risks
- Women’s Cancer Network : Educational Material on Ovarian Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer National Alliance : We Work to Save Women’s Lives