HomeHealthcare Education SupportPlastic surgery, Its Types and Procedure

Plastic surgery, Its Types and Procedure

What is plastic surgery?

Plastic surgery is a branch of medicine in which specialists, through surgical intervention, make a person’s appearance more attractive.

Surgeons divide the plastic surgery into:

  • Reconstructive, the task of which is to eliminate congenital, acquired defects. Thus, it is possible not only to help a person acquire the desired body shapes, but also to restore the impaired functions of organs.
  • Aesthetic – a direction in which methods of correcting defects are used in order to acquire a more attractive appearance, thereby improving the quality of life itself, increasing self-esteem and relieving a person of many complexes.

According to numerous studies in the United Kingdom, operations to change the size, shape of the mammary glands, as well as liposuction are ranked third in the world.

We have this generalized statistical information, as for each country separately, we observe a slightly different data. For example, in the United Kingdom, the most popular surgery is to reshape the buttocks.

Types of plastic surgery

In plastic Surgery, a surgeon performs the following steps: 


  1. Mammoplasty is a surgical procedure during which the size and shape of the mammary glands changes. The operation can be performed both for medical reasons, for example, after a mastectomy performed for breast cancer, or at the request of the patient.
  2. Liposuction is a surgical procedure performed to remove excess fatty tissue in a specific area of ​​the body. Thus, the patient takes on the desired shape.
  3. Lipofilling of the buttocks – allows you to change the shape of the buttocks, increase their size by transplanting your own adipose tissue taken from the thigh, abdomen.
  4. Blepharoplasty is a surgical intervention, the essence of which is to correct the shape of the upper, lower eyelid. There are quite a few methods for performing blepharoplasty, the choice of which is carried out by the surgeon, taking into account the results of the diagnosis and the wishes of the patient.
  5. A facelift is a plastic surgery aimed at combating age-related signs (sagging skin, wrinkles, deep skin folds on the face). During the operation, the surgeon removes the excess fat, makes the skin smooth with the removal of excess flaps.
  6. Rhinoplasty, also called nose job, is an operation to correct the shape and size of the nose. A surgeon carries out surgical intervention both for the purpose of acquiring the desired shape of the nose, and for medical reasons – to facilitate nasal breathing, restore the patency of the nasal passages after injury. Most of the people from the UK travel to Turkey for a nose job as it’s much cheaper in Turkey than in the UK and other European countries.

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Stages of preparation for plastic surgery

It is important to remember that plastic surgery has a number of contraindications, namely:

  • pregnancy ;
  • violation of the blood coagulation process (coagulopathy);
  • lactation period;
  • stage of exacerbation of chronic diseases;
  • fever of unknown origin;
  • acute infectious and inflammatory processes in the body;
  • allergic reactions to drugs used for anesthesia;
  • oncological diseases.

To minimize the risk of complications, both during the operation and in the postoperative period, the doctor conducts a full examination before plastic surgery.

In the course of diagnostics, the surgeon determines the scope of the surgical intervention, taking into account the results of the examination, and chooses the method of the operation.

Diagnostics may include:

  • general clinical, biochemical blood test;
  • coagulogram;
  • Analysis of urine;
  • electrocardiography;
  • Ultrasound;
  • computer, magnetic resonance imaging;
  • radiography.

The scope of the preoperative examination depends on the presence of concomitant chronic pathology in the patient, the type of proposed surgical intervention.

Rehabilitation period after plastic surgery

The recovery period after surgery depends on a number of factors – the type of surgical intervention, the method of its implementation, the rate of tissue regeneration, the severity of concomitant pathology.

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A scar gradually forms at the site of the incisions. To facilitate the postoperative period, you must strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations. They may relate to:

  • using compression underwear;
  • diet;
  • motor activity;
  • suture treatment, wearing a sterile bandage;
  • visits to the sauna, bath;
  • being outdoors in the open rays of the sun;
  • taking medications.

A prerequisite for the rehabilitation period is medical supervision, which is necessary to prevent the development of complications. That is why it is so important to have regular check-ups with a plastic surgeon after surgery.

5 reasons to undergo plastic surgery

  • A team of the best professional surgeons
  • 100% guarantee of the expected result
  • Free consultation
  • The opportunity to get the first online consultation free of charge
  • Affordable price for operations

 The most common indications: age-related changes in the face, pronounced asymmetry of the face, ptosis (drooping) of the upper and lower eyelids and soft tissues of the face, sagging skin, deep wrinkles and folds, traces (scars and scars) as a result of previous skin diseases, double chin.

As a rule, this is a matter of aesthetics, and by and large there are no objective mandatory indications for plastic surgery.

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