In Europe nursing, especially in the past, great attention was paid to describing and using professional Nurses Logo & RN Logo in the education of nurses and celebrating occupational ceremonies, e.g., hatting, strapping, celebrating International Nurse Day, or anniversary holidays, such as the jubilees of the Polish Nursing Association (1, 2).
Current requirements for the nursing profession are much higher. Society requires shaping the personal profile of the future nurse so that it enables the overall implementation of her professional tasks while meeting the expectations. An irreplaceable role here is played by the tradition presented as a concrete value worth duplicating throughout the whole process of nurse education. Nurses Logo & RN Logo are legible, specific characters accepted and recognized as important for this profession. They are:
- Nursing cap,
- Nursing uniform,
- Nursing anthem,
- Oil lamp “Nightingale lamp”.
Nursing cap. The first nursing cap, so-called Anti-dust was created before 1876 in the United States. It was worn by nurses at the Bellevue hospital. He was then a “protector” of hair from getting dirty from sick patients, which was an important problem, because most women wore long hair.
These caps covered the entire head, over time their shape changed, but the color remained unchanged – white with a surrounding black velvet. In the most modern version, the cap covers part of the hair, and its meaning is symbolic and informative. He assigns the person wearing it to the professional group of nurses. The material most commonly used to make the ( Nurses Logo & RN Logo) cap were: muslin, canvas, lawn, organ, plastic (3)
Depending on the type of material from which the cap was made, it required special handling, i.e. washing, heavy starching and ironing. It was obligatory to whiten and disinfect the cap. “In Europe, caps were worn by students of the first nursing school in Krakow (1911) – they were round in shape with a small lint, covered hair, occasionally (because of going out into the street) a navy blue veil was put on the cap . Later, round, crinkled caps covering the entire head were introduced, fastened with buttons at the back or sewn into the back patches (Krakow, Warsaw). Then the so-called “butterfly caps” were introduced around the lap of the whole head (Poznan, Warsaw
1- Symbolic – means humbleness and willingness to serve other people,
2- Functional – as a protective function, securing often long hair.
Nowadays, nurses do not wear a hat as a headgear and the signaling – I am a nurse – has been disturbed. Patients complain the most, because they are very difficult to distinguish the medical team, they are confused by the fact that they do not know who is who in the ward? It is simply more convenient for nurses to work without this symbolic headgear. For the first time in a nursing career, the cap is put on the head of the nurse during the nursing as a Nurses Logo & RN Logo of belonging to a professional group and the desire to help others in health and illness. In addition, caps are put on in gala costumes during any professional or state ceremonies. In everyday life, there is no cap on the head of the nurse, she replaced the brooch in the shape of a cap, which is usually worn on the right side of the uniform.
It should be emphasized that in the 21st century both a cap and a brooch are not obligatory elements of a nurse’s outfit. “In accordance with the aspirations of the nursing environment, expressed the position of the 1st National Congress of Nurses and Midwives of December 12, 1990 on the professional identifiers of nurses and midwives, the necessity to wear a cap as an idea of the profession’s qualification is waived, and imposes an obligation to present an information badge on the content determined by the district decision self-government body.” Nurses, however, do not give up the cap of Nurses Logo & RN Logo, which is why they often
instead of a cap, they attach a metal miniature to the flap of his work clothes.
A nursing uniform is an outfit worn by every nurse regardless of age, usually in white. Has a double meaning. Protective as protection against the patient’s impurities, protecting against infection of the skin with bacteria and fungi, and symbolic as a Nurses Logo & RN Logo of cleanliness of the outfit. This uniform is a set of clothing consisting of:
- a cap,
- apron, most often made of gray linen or a white cross apron cotton.
- prophylactic shoes,
- cloth cape.
Designs of uniforms, their sewing and cut have changed throughout the history of the profession and fashion trends. In the Polish nursing education, the official nursing uniform was adopted as an example – the outfit of American nurses, which distinguished themselves with their activity especially in the years 1921–1928. The beginnings of uniforms are associated with their diverse colors. It happened that they were plaid, striped, but buffs (sleeveless aprons) were always white.
However, since the first Nursing Act of February 21, 1935 (Journal of Laws 1935 No. 27, item 199, Article 18, item 11), the appearance of the uniform is defined and regulated by Polish law. Also, the modern nursing uniform, which is obligatory during the performance of professional work, is to meet, above all, all sanitary and hygienic standards. The material must be non-flammable, subject to repeated washing, disinfection and sterilization processes, it must not restrict movement. Nurses have a choice as to the cut, it can be both a skirt and trousers, a longer or shorter top, with a zipper, buttons or press studs.
The colors mainly remain white, often with colorful trims, however, blue, celadon, pomegranate, pink or salmon are also found, depending on the specifics of the department or the preferences of the staff. It is important that all nurses in a given ward look alike. Elements of the gala uniform determined by the Polish Nursing Society on November 28. 2009 include:
“Nurse’s gala uniform
- 1. White cap with a black, horizontal strip 2.5 cm wide
- Suit in gray, straight skirt 2 cm long below the
knee bend, slightly fitted jacket, buttoned,
- long sleeve , straight, 3 stitched pockets, collar and straight cuffs,
10 cm wide, made of white, stiffened material.
- Tights beige
- Footwear black, stable, covered, elegant, heel up to 5 cm high
- . Navy blue cape, longer than the skirt by 2 cm
- White gloves
Nursing anthem was founded in 1935. He wrote and composed it at the request of the PCK Main Board – Jan Kielarski. It is a 4-stanza song with a marching melody, accompanying nursing students and nurses during professional celebrations.
During the Warsaw Uprising (1944), the notes and words of the hymn were lost. In 1948 they were recreated by Danuta Zachaczewska-Sobolewska. The author changed a few words, justifying her changes with the need to reflect the atrocities of war. In 1962, further changes in words were made by Małgorzata Okrąglak – Lisowska, at the request and with the protection of the Polish Society
Nursing (PTP). The final approval of the words and melody (which was changed and composed by A. Chamerski) of the nursing hymn took place in 1972, so that its overtones were received uniformly by society.
Olive lamp “Nightingale lamp
The concept of the “oil lamp” goes back to the history of the Crimean War, during which the mother of modern nursing Florence Nightingale visited wounded soldiers at night, shining the title lamp. Nightingale brought light, peace, encouragement to the wounded, and above all, nursing support and care, and thanks to enabling work after dark, the oil lamp became a Nurses Logo & RN Logo of light and mental enlightenment, knowledge, intelligence, cognition, reason. The Nightingale lamp also symbolizes a source of kindness and warmth, as well as reliability and readiness for action regardless of the time of day or night. Directly refers to the character of Florence Nightingale – the founder of the first nursing school. A stylized copy of the lamp with the light on accompanies significant nursing ceremonies in all countries of the world.