You are currently viewing Types of Surgeons (Surgery) – Surgical Specialties

Reason for the operation:

A closer look at the types of surgeons you could assist:

  • Diagnostic procedure – it is performed to find out the origin and cause of the injury/disease, e.g. breast biopsy, knee arthroscopy, reconnaissance laparoscopy
  •  Therapeutic treatment – a form of therapy, cures by removing the cause of the disease, e.g. mastectomy, hysterectomy, 
  •  Healing treatment – improves patient’s functioning e.g. knee prosthesis, finger reimplantation
  • Palliative procedure – it aims to reduce symptoms and slow down the disease process, but it is not curative, e.g. tumor excision, colostomy
  • Cosmetic procedure – carried out to change or improve the patient’s appearance, e.g. scar revision, liposuction, skin transplantation

The urgency of the operation Types of Surgeons:

  • elective procedure – the patient knew about him and could prepare for it, an urgent problem that does not threaten life, e.g. cataract removal, hip replacement,
  • urgent procedure – requires prompt intervention, the patient will be in a life-threatening condition if the procedure is delayed, e.g. appendicitis, stones in the urinary tract, intestinal obstruction
  • emergency/emergency – requires immediate intervention due to life-threatening consequences, e.g. gunshot, stab wound, heavy bleeding

Degree of intra-operative complications Types of Surgeons:

  •  low risk surgery – a procedure without significant risk, often performed under regional/local anesthesia e.g. skin suturing.
  • high risk surgery – a procedure during which serious health complications may occur, usually longer and more complicated, e.g. mitral valve replacement, lymph node excision

The extent of the operation

  • simple procedure – applies only to tissues that are explicitly affected by the lesion, e.g. partial mastectomy
  • radical – surgery extended to tissues in which the disease process is not yet visible, but leaving them may cause future disease, e.g. radical mastectomy

Degree of contamination of the operating Types of Surgeons

  •  clean – there is no contact with inflammatory changes or the room cord light opens. respiratory, urinary, female genital drugs, e.g. orthopedic, ophthalmic, neurosurgery
  • clean, contaminated – opening of the cable room light steering. respiratory, urinary tract without major infection, e.g. gynecological operations, appendicitis
  • contaminated – significant contamination with gastrointestinal content, contact with acute non-inflammatory lesions, e.g. open fresh traumatic wounds, open fracture,
  • dirty – contact with purulent inflammatory lesions, e.g. room perforation, old traumatic wounds

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Types of Surgeons (Surgery) – Surgical Specialties

Dr. Ozair

Written by Dr. Ozair (CEO of as physician writers are physicians who write creatively in fields outside their practice of medicine.