What Is Fibromyalgia and How Is It Diagnosis? – Symptoms & Treatment

Fibromyalgia pain and treatment are common topics. If you have read health magazines or blogs lately, you have probably encountered at least one article on the subject. You may even suffer from symptoms of fibromyalgia01  yourself.

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How serious is it?

According to the National Fibromyalgia Association (NFA), fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that affects nearly ten million Americans. While men and children are not immune, the condition is most prevalent in women. Those who suffer from severe symptoms can be disabling.

Although some health literature classifies fibromyalgia as an arthritic condition, it is not actually arthritis. It is, however, the most common musculoskeletal condition after osteoarthritis. It is not a single disease but a syndrome or collection of symptoms that occur together.


It is rare for doctors to pinpoint a specific cause, and its development involves many factors working together. Genetics, infections, physical trauma, and emotional stress play key roles. Researchers think fibromyalgia sufferers may have lower pain thresholds due to increased brain sensitivity to pain signals.

Because fibromyalgia is more common in women, female sex hormones probably contribute to symptoms in women. Family history is another risk factor. Rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic disorders increase the risk.

Fibromyalgia symptoms

Widespread joint and muscle pain combined with extreme fatigue are the hallmark symptoms of fibromyalgia. Most people describe the pain as a constant, dull ache throughout the body. Any pressure to tender point locations causes additional pain.

Most patients often complain of sleep disorders and extreme tiredness. Headaches, anxiety, and depression are additional symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome and endometriosis are common symptoms in women. Fortunately, medications and self-care can minimize or improve these symptoms.


Doctors generally prescribe medications to treat. Analgesics are the most common treatment; fibromyalgia pain and stiffness often respond to acetaminophen. Joint and muscle inflammation may require non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen.


Some doctors prescribe antidepressants for pain and fatigue. Amitriptyline or fluoxetine, two common antidepressants, help promote sleep. Anti-seizure medications are also effective for some symptoms.

Psychological counseling helps patients learn to deal with the stress that causes the symptoms. Self-care centers on stress management, regular exercise, adequate sleep, diet, and other healthy lifestyle choices.


The common symptoms of are listed below.

  • Widespread pain
  • Poor sleep quality
  • High sensitivity
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Cognitive problems (‘fibro-fog)
  • Headaches

Fibromyalgia is often caused by a stressful experience, including physical stress or expressive stress. Possible causes for the condition include an injury or viral infection.

It can be problematic to get a precise diagnosis and explore the treatment you need because fibromyalgia symptoms are similar to some disorders. Although it isn’t incurable, it can have serious, lifelong effects.

The Widespread musculoskeletal pain is continuous for at least three months. The pain occurs throughout the body, on both sides of the body, below and above the waist.

It can be challenging to get a perfect diagnosis and find the exact treatment you need because fibromyalgia symptoms are similar to those of other diseases.

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What Is Fibromyalgia and How Is It Diagnosis? – Symptoms & Treatment

Admin (SignSymptom)

Written by Dr. Ozair (CEO of SignSymptom.com) as physician writers are physicians who write creatively in fields outside their practice of medicine.