HomeConditionWhat Is Fibromyalgia and How Is It Diagnosis? - Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Fibromyalgia and How Is It Diagnosis? – Symptoms & Treatment


The word fibromyalgia has been originated from the Greek algos indicating “pain“, New Latin fibro indicating “fibrous tissue” and Greek myos signifying “muscle”. As stated by MediLexicon’s medical dictionary, fibromyalgia is a normal disease of constant extensive soft-tissue tenderness complemented with fatigue, sleep disorders, and weakness, the reason of which is not known. It is a normal and continual ailment.

Fibromyalgia pain and treatment are common topics. If you have read health magazines or blogs lately, you have probably encountered at least one article on the subject. You may even suffer from symptoms of fibromyalgia01  yourself.

How serious is it?

According to the National Fibromyalgia Association (NFA), fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that affects nearly ten million Americans. While men and children are not immune, the condition is most prevalent in women. Those who suffer from severe symptoms can be disabling.


Although some health literature classifies fibromyalgia as an arthritic condition, it is not actually arthritis. It is, however, the most common musculoskeletal condition after osteoarthritis. It is not a single disease but a syndrome or collection of symptoms that occur together.

Causes of Fibromyalgia:-

It is rare for doctors to pinpoint a specific cause, and its development involves many factors working together. Genetics, infections, physical trauma , and emotional stress play key roles. Researchers think fibromyalgia sufferers may have lower pain thresholds due to increased brain sensitivity to pain signals.

Because fibromyalgia is more common in women, female sex hormones probably contribute to symptoms in women. Family history is another risk factor. Rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic disorders increase the risk.

Although the specialists find out a number of possible reasons, actually nobody is confident about the reasons for fibromyalgia. The causes include a stressful, emotional, or traumatic occurrence that is related to the growth of fibromyalgia. The likely connecting aspects also at this time include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Repetitive injuries
  • CNS (central Autonomic nervous system) problems
  • Lupus
  • The way our genes control how we process agonizing stimuli
  • A traumatic, stressful emotional, or physical event (e.g. A car accident, post-traumatic stress disorder)

Signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia:-

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

Widespread joint and muscle pain combined with extreme fatigue are the hallmark symptoms. Most people describe the pain as a constant, dull ache throughout the body. Any pressure to tender point locations causes additional pain.

The main symptoms of fibromyalgia are outlined below.

  • Headaches
  • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)
  • Feet and hands tingle and can feel numb
  • Sensitivity to cold or heat
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Uneven sleep patterns
  • Fibro fog (memory problems, cognitive problems)
  • Painful menstrual periods (Dysmenorrhea)
  • Morning rigidity

Most patients often complain of sleep disorders and extreme tiredness. Headaches, anxiety, and depression are additional symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome and endometriosis are common symptoms in women. Fortunately, medications and self-care can minimize or improve these symptoms.

The under noted signs and symptoms are also feasible:

  • Trouble with vision
  • Pelvic and urinary trouble
  • Myofascial pain syndrome (pain/tiredness in muscles and adjacent fibrous tissues)
  • Dizziness
  • Cold/flu like symptoms
  • Jaw pain and rigidity
  • Nausea
  • Skin problems
  • Chest symptoms
  • Depression
  • Breathing problems
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain
  • Extensive pain

Treatment for Fibromyalgia:-

Doctors generally prescribe medications to treat. Analgesics are the most common treatment; fibromyalgia pain and stiffness often respond to acetaminophen. Joint and muscle inflammation may require non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen.

As every patient’s symptoms differ, it requires particularized medication. Treatment will normally contain all or some of the under noted steps:

  • Low-dose anti-depressants
  • Psychotherapy
  • Behavior modification therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Chiropractic care
  • Physical therapy (UK term is called physiotherapy)
  • Massage
  • An active exercise program


Some doctors prescribe antidepressants for pain and fatigue. Amitriptyline or fluoxetine, two common antidepressants, help promote sleep. Anti-seizure medications are also effective for some symptoms.

Psychological counseling helps patients learn to deal with the stress that causes the symptoms. Self-care centers on stress management, regular exercise, adequate sleep, diet, and other healthy lifestyle choices.


The main symptoms of fibromyalgia are outlined below.

The common symptoms of are listed below.

  • Widespread pain
  • Poor sleep quality
  • High sensitivity
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Cognitive problems (‘fibro-fog)
  • Headaches

How does a person get fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is often caused by a stressful experience, including physical stress or expressive stress. Possible causes for the condition include an injury or viral infection.

How serious is fibromyalgia?

It can be problematic to get a precise diagnosis and explore the treatment you need because fibromyalgia symptoms are similar to some disorders. Although it isn’t incurable, it can have serious, lifelong effects.

What does a fibromyalgia attack feel like?

The Widespread musculoskeletal pain is continuous for at least three months. The pain occurs throughout the body, on both sides of the body, below and above the waist.

How serious is fibromyalgia?

It can be challenging to get a perfect diagnosis and find the exact treatment you need because fibromyalgia symptoms are similar to those of other diseases.


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Written by Dr. Ozair (CEO of SignSymptom.com) as physician writers are physicians who write creatively in fields outside their practice of medicine.

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