HomeDiseaseUrologic DiseaseWhat is sexual dysfunction?

What is sexual dysfunction?

Do you know a total of 43 percent of females and 31 percent of men suffer from sexual dysfunction? Yes, that is right. Sexual Dysfunction is a sexual disorder in a man or a woman that prevents them to have a good sex life. Someone or a couple may have it as a result of a problem that prevents them from enjoying sexual activity pleasure.

This blog covers informative content on causes, symptoms, when to see and treatments of sexual dysfunction. 

What is sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction is a condition that may occur at any stage of the cycle, and it stops you from having sexual activity pleasure.

Traditionally, the sexual response cycle involves excitation, plateau, climax, and resolution. Desire and excitement are both elements of the sexual response phase. It is essential to note that women do not always pass through these stages.

In addition, any disturbance in these phases can result in sexual issues. Although evidence indicates that sexual dysfunction is widespread, many don’t want to speak about it. However, you should discuss your worries with your spouse and health care professional since therapeutic alternatives are available.

Read Also – How to Choose a Sexologist


Here are the reasons for sexual problems

  • Physical causes: Many physical and/or medical disorders may cause sexual function difficulties.  heart or vascular (blood-vessel) illnesses, neurological disturbances, hormonal imbalances, chronic diseases such as liver or kidney failure, alcoholism, drug addiction are among these ailments. In addition, certain medicines, particularly some antidepressants, may have adverse effects on sexual function.
  • Psychological cause: Stress and worry in the workplace, worries about sexual performance, marriage or relationship difficulties, depression, feelings of guilt, anxiety about the image of the body, and the impacts of previous sexual also affect sexual functions.


The signs of sexual dysfunction are listed below.

In men: 

  • Inability to develop or maintain a hard penis for intimacy (erectile dysfunction)
  • Absent or delayed ejaculation despite sufficient sexual stimulation (delayed ejaculation)
  • Cannot regulate the time of ejaculation (early or premature, ejaculation)

In women:

  • The inability to have an orgasm
  • Inadequate pre and intercourse vaginal lubrication
  • The vaginal muscles are not able to relax sufficiently to enable intercourse

Common in Men’s & Women’s

  • Lack of interest or sexual desire
  • Inability to become excited
  • Pain with sex

When to see your doctor

If you are experiencing sexual dysfunction, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider. Sexual dysfunction can be a sign of an underlying health condition, and a healthcare provider can help you determine the cause and provide appropriate treatment.

Some common symptoms of sexual dysfunction include:

  • Difficulty becoming or staying aroused
  • Lack of interest in sex
  • Pain during sex
  • Difficulty achieving orgasm
  • Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Lack of lubrication in women

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a healthcare provider for evaluation and treatment. Additionally, it is important to seek medical attention if you experience any other unusual symptoms in conjunction with sexual dysfunction. These might be a sign of an underlying health problem.

It is important to remember that seeking medical attention for sexual dysfunction is not uncommon, and there are many treatments available that can help improve sexual function. Your healthcare provider will be able to help you determine the best course of treatment for your specific situation.

Related: Men to prevent and overcome erectile dysfunction


The treatment of the underlying medical or psychological issues may resolve most forms of sexual dysfunction. Some therapy methods include:

  • Medication: If a drug causes dysfunction, a change in the drug may be helpful. Men may benefit from medication like sildenafil (Viagra®), tadalafil (Cialis®), vardenafil (Levitra®, Staxyn®), and avanafil (Stendra®) that may increase sexual performance via increased blood flow to the penis. Hormonal alternatives like estrogen and testosterone may be utilized for women (although these medications are not approved for this purpose). Two FDA-authorized drugs, including flibanserin (Addyi®) and bremelanotide (Vyleesi®), are present in pre-menopausal women.
  • Mechanical supports: Aids like vacuum devices and penile implants may assist erectile people (the inability to achieve or maintain an erection). Vacuum equipment (EROS-CTDTM) is also authorized but may be costly for women. Dilators may assist women with vaginal constriction. Devices such as vibrators may assist enhance sexual pleasure and climax.
  • Sex therapy: Sex therapists may have sexual issues that their main clinician cannot treat. Therapists are also often excellent marriage advisers. It is worth the time and effort to work with a qualified expert for those who want to begin to appreciate their sexual connection.
  • Behavioral treatments include different methods, including insights into problematic habits or procedures, such as self-stimulation for the therapy of arousal and/or orgasm issues.
  • Psychotherapy: An experienced therapist can help you cope with a negative body image, anxiety, dread, and previous sexual trauma . All these variables may influence sexual function.
  • Education and communication: Education about sex and sexual behaviours and reactions may help you overcome sexual concerns. Opening a conversation with your spouse about your wants and worries also helps overcome many obstacles to good sex life.

Related: Can PAH link to Erectile Dysfunction?

How is sexual dysfunction diagnosed?

Diagnosing sexual dysfunction typically involves a combination of a thorough medical history, physical examination, and possibly additional testing.

During the medical history, your healthcare provider will ask you questions about your symptoms, including the duration and severity of the dysfunction, any other medical conditions you have, and any medications you are taking. Your healthcare provider may also ask about your sexual history, including any past experiences with sexual dysfunction, and your overall mental and physical health .

A physical examination may be performed to look for any physical causes of sexual dysfunction, such as hormonal imbalances or physical abnormalities.

Depending on the suspected cause of the sexual dysfunction, your healthcare provider may also recommend additional testing, such as blood tests to check for hormonal imbalances, imaging tests to evaluate blood flow to the genital area, or other specialized tests.

It is important to be honest and open with your healthcare provider about your symptoms, as this will help them determine the most appropriate course of treatment.

Questions to ask your doctor

If you are seeing a healthcare provider for sexual dysfunction, it can be helpful to come prepared with a list of questions to ask. Here are some examples of questions you might want to ask your doctor:

  • What is the cause of my sexual dysfunction?
  • Are there any underlying health conditions that may be contributing to my symptoms?
  • What treatment options are available to me?
  • Can I improve my sexual function by changing my lifestyle, such as quitting smoking or reducing alcohol consumption?
  • Are there any potential side effects of the recommended treatment?
  • Is it safe for me to continue taking any medications that I am currently on while receiving treatment for sexual dysfunction?
  • Is there anything I can do to manage my symptoms on my own, such as exercises or techniques to improve arousal or orgasm?
  • Are there any resources or support groups available to help me cope with sexual dysfunction?

Must Read: The Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Remember, it is important to feel comfortable and open with your healthcare provider, so don’t hesitate to ask any questions you may have. It is also a good idea to bring a list of any medications you are currently taking, as well as any other relevant medical information, to your appointment.


Sexual Dysfunction is a pondering issue, and one should not hide it. If you are facing any such problems, consult a sexologist at the earliest. A sexual disorder is like any other health issue that needs medical attention.


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